TETRAHEXYLDECYL ASCROBATE / ESTER OF VITAMIN C (VITAMIN C), 21%
An antioxidant and free radical scavenger. Lightens skin by inhibiting melanin synthesis. A necessary co-factor for healthy collagen synthesis, inhibits MMP enzymes. THD Ascorbate is an extremely stable and bio-available form of vitamin C which helps brighten skin and improve the appearance of ﬁne lines and wrinkles.
TOCOPHEROL (VITAMIN E), 1%
One of the most potent antioxidants, particularly good at defending against and disabling free radicals made by the body. This ingredient is essential to tissue repair, works synergistically with vitamin C, and helps ﬁght free radicals and environmental stressors that can lead to premature aging.
FERULIC ACID (FERULOYL SOY GLYCERIDES), 0.5%
This potent antioxidant, found in plants, increases stability of vitamin C and E as well as adding photo-protection. This ingredient also provides additional protection against thymine dimmer formation.
Found as a natural component of chamomile, Bisabolol is an eective anti-irritant and anti-inﬂammatory ingredient, helpful in soothing red, irritated skin.
SALICYLIC ACID, 1%
Aids exfoliation by weakening the links between cells in the outer layer of dead skin, allowing the normal shedding process to occur at a more optimum rate. By helping new cells surface, it improves skin texture, unclogs pores, enhances penetration (and therefore eectiveness) of ingredients such as vitamin C.