LACTIC ACID, 8%
A naturally-occurring alpha hydroxy acid derived from fermented milk, lactic acid helps speed up cellular turnover, exfoliates dead skin cells, and is gentle enough for people with sensitive skin or rosacea. Since lactic acid is part of our natural moisturizing factor, it is especially compatible with human skin.
TETRAHEXYLDECYL ASCROBATE / ESTER OF VITAMIN C (VITAMIN C), 15%
An antioxidant and free radical scavenger. Lightens skin by inhibiting melanin synthesis. A necessary co-factor for healthy collagen synthesis, inhibits MMP enzymes. THD Ascorbate is an extremely stable and bio-available form of vitamin C which helps brighten skin and improve the appearance of ﬁne lines and wrinkles.
A fatty alcohol used as an emollient, emulsiﬁer, thickener, and carrying agent for other ingredients. A ﬁrm, wax-like substance derived from plant oils, Cetearyl alcohol has emulsifying properties to hydrate skin and hair, leaving it soft and supple.
KOJIC ACID (KOJIC DIPALMITATE / ESTER OF KOJIC ACID), 4%
Inhibits melanin production by inhibiting tyrosinase and provides gradual and continual skin lightening to improve the appearance of hyperpigmentation. Derived from mushrooms.
PANTHENOL (VITAMIN B5)
Enables the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids, increasing cellular integrity and eciency. Acts as a moisturizer with humectant properties.
A naturally derived ingredient with anti-inﬂammatory properties.
RUMEX OCCIDENTALIS EXTRACT
Reduces skin pigmentation by limiting both melanin production and skin reddening.
A naturally occurring amino acid and sulfur-based antioxidant that can help stabilize oxygen-sensitive additives. Ergothioneine has demonstrated cytoprotective capacities in vitro.
Decreases tyrosinase activity and melanin synthesis to reduce overall skin pigmentation. Reduces the MITF factor to decrease both the constitutive and facultative pigmentation pathway.
FERULIC ACID (FERULOYL SOY GLYCERIDES)
This potent antioxidant, found in plants, increases stability of vitamin C and E as well as adding photo-protection. This ingredient also provides additional protection against thymine dimmer formation.
A substance known for its healing, soothing, and anti-irritating properties. This ingredient softens skin and stimulates the formation of healthy tissue. Helps eliminate chapping and cracking, leaving skin silky, smooth, and healthy-looking.
TOCOPHEROL (VITAMIN E)
One of the most potent antioxidants, particularly good at defending against and disabling free radicals made by the body. This ingredient is essential to tissue repair, works synergistically with vitamin C, and helps ﬁght free radicals and environmental stressors that can lead to premature aging.