NIACINAMIDE (VITAMIN B3), 3%
Promotes microcirculation, strengthens the skin’s outer layers, improves elasticity, and curbs redness and irritation. Helpful for treating dry skin due to its ability to increase barrier lipid levels. Has anti-inflammatory properties (which helps reduce redness), anti-bacterial properties, and melanin inhibiting properties.
SHEA BUTTER (BUTYROSPERMUM PARKII)
This superior moisturizer conditions and smooths the skin. Shea Butter contains vitamins A, E, and F (essential fatty acids) to help nourish the skin.
Used in the synthesis of natural skin sterols essential for maintaining skin barrier function, Squalane, derived from olives, is a biological component of human sebum and is therefore very skin friendly. It is an excellent moisturizer that does not leave a heavy, greasy residue on the skin.
HYALURONIC ACID (SODIUM HYALURONATE)
A hydrophilic molecule, Hyaluronic acid attracts and binds up to 1,000 times its molecular weight in water, reduces TEWL (trans-epidermal water loss), and helps to keep skin plump and firm. Sodium Hyaluronate is a glycosaminoglycan found in the extracellular space that resists compression by absorbing significant amounts of water.
TETRAHEXYLDECYL ASCORBATE / ESTER OF VITAMIN C (VITAMIN C), 15%
An antioxidant and free radical scavenger. Lightens skin by inhibiting melanin synthesis. A necessary co-factor for healthy collagen synthesis, inhibits MMP enzymes. THD Ascorbate is an extremely stable and bio-available form of vitamin C which helps brighten skin and improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
TOCOPHERYL ACETATE (VITAMIN E), 1%
One of the most potent antioxidants, particularly good at defending against and disabling free radicals made by the body. This ingredient is essential to tissue repair, works synergistically with vitamin C, and helps fight free radicals and environmental stressors that can lead to premature aging.
FERULIC ACID (FERULOYL SOY GLYCERIDES), 0.5%
This potent antioxidant, found in plants, increases stability of vitamin C and E as well as adding photo-protection. This ingredient also provides additional protection against thymine dimmer formation.
Decreases tyrosinase activity and melanin synthesis to reduce overall skin pigmentation. Reduces the MITF factor to decrease both the constitutive and facultative pigmentation pathway.
PALIMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE & PALIMITOYL TETRAPEPTIDE-7 (MATRIXYL 3000)
Helps reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles by enhancing collagen and hyaluronic acid production.
ACEYTL HEXAPEPTIDE-37 (DIFFUPORINE), 2%
Enhances AQP3 expression (Aquaporins are integral membrane proteins involved in water transportation through the diFFerent tissue layers), improving the water flux from the basal layer of the epidermis to the stratum corneum. Skin hydration is not only preserved but raised. Improves the barrier function and increases collagen 1 synthesis and keratinocyte proliferation, providing a complete treatment against skin aging.
Kinetin is a plant hormone that regulates cell growth. It improves the skin’s barrier function, resulting in improved hydration and texture.