TETRAHEXYLDECYL ASCROBATE / ESTER OF VITAMIN C (VITAMIN C), 15%
An antioxidant and free radical scavenger. Lightens skin by inhibiting melanin synthesis. A necessary co-factor for healthy collagen synthesis, inhibits MMP enzymes. THD Ascorbate is an extremely stable and bio-available form of vitamin C which helps brighten skin and improve the appearance of ﬁne lines and wrinkles.
A glycosylated hydroquinone extracted from the bearberry plant. Arbutin inhibits tyrosinase and thus prevents the formation of melanin.
A component of licorice root extract, glycyrrhetinic acid calms the skin while minimizing skin sensitivity. In addition to its soothing properties, glycyrrhetinic acid can also help brighten the skin and provides antioxidant protection.
HYDROXYPINACALONE RETINOATE / ESTER OF TRETINOIN (VITAMIN A)
This ester of Retinoic acid (Tretinoin) is more eective and less irritating than traditional esters. A co-factor of collagen synthesis and a powerful antioxidant, this ingredient helps reduce the appearance of ﬁne lines and wrinkles.