TETRAHEXYLDECYL ASCORBATE / ESTER OF VITAMIN C (VITAMIN C), 21%
An antioxidant and free radical scavenger. Lightens skin by inhibiting melanin synthesis. A necessary co-factor for healthy collagen synthesis, inhibits MMP enzymes. THD Ascorbate is an extremely stable and bio-available form of vitamin C which helps brighten skin and improve the appearance of ﬁne lines and wrinkles.
TOCOPHERYL ACETATE (VITAMIN E), 3%
One of the most potent antioxidants, particularly good at defending against and disabling free radicals made by the body. This ingredient is essential to tissue repair, works synergistically with vitamin C, and helps ﬁght free radicals and environmental stressors that can lead to premature aging.
HYDROXYPINACALONE RETINOATE / ESTER OF TRETINOIN (VITAMIN A), 0.1%
This ester of Retinoic acid (Tretinoin) is more eective and less irritating than traditional esters. A co-factor of collagen synthesis and a powerful antioxidant, this ingredient helps reduce the appearance of ﬁne lines and wrinkles.
Fortiﬁes and restructures thin and fragile skin. It is a complementary source of calcium and essential amino acids and is designed to reboost cell metabolism and protein synthesis, rebalance ion ﬂow, and recreate calcium gradient in order to regulate the barrier homeostasis and the epidermal dierentiation.
NIACINAMIDE (VITAMIN B3), 3%
Promotes microcirculation, strengthens the skin’s outer layers, improves elasticity, and curbs redness and irritation. Helpful for treating dry skin due to its ability to increase barrier lipid levels. Has anti-inﬂammatory properties (which helps reduce redness), anti-bacterial properties, and melanin inhibiting properties.
FERULIC ACID (FERULOYL SOY GLYCERIDES), 0.2%
This potent antioxidant, found in plants, increases stability of vitamin C and E as well as adding photo-protection. This ingredient also provides additional protection against thymine dimmer formation.
PALIMITOYL OLIGOPEPTIDE & PALIMITOYL TETRAPEPTIDE-7 (MATRIXYL 3000)
Helps reduce the appearance of ﬁne lines and wrinkles by enhancing collagen and hyaluronic acid production.
ACETYL HEXAPEPTIDE-8 (ARGIRILINE)
A peptide which inhibits the formation and progression of expression-related ﬁne lines and wrinkles.
This peptide has been shown to stimulate the production of a protein called ﬁbronectin, which among other things helps attach the epidermis to the dermis. The more ﬁbronectin, the ﬁrmer, more youthful the skin becomes.
MALIC ACID, 3%
A naturally occurring organic compound found in apples, malic acid possesses exfoliating properties and helps promote skin smoothness, increases overall complexion, and reduces pigmentation.